The Correct Vitamin C Dosage for Your Health

It has been decades since widespread public knowledge about the efficacy of vitamin C came. It all began with Dr. Linus Pauling, a two time Nobel Prize laureate. He himself started taking a high vitamin C dosage in 1965. He died in 1994 at the age of 93. He believes that his death was delayed for 20 years because of his vitamin C intake, that went as high as 18,000 milligrams per day in later years. In his work on vitamin C, Dr. Pauling makes it clear that he believes that people can have an extra 12-18 years of life if one takes 3,200 to 12,000 milligrams of vitamin C per day. Corroborating his assertions in a study of 11,000 Americans where he postulates that intake of 300 mg of vitamin C per day (equivalent to 5 servings of fruits and vegetables per day) adds up to 6 years to a man’s life and 2 years to a woman’s life. Likewise, cardiovascular disease in this group declined significantly.

Vitamin C is a water-soluble antioxidant. Human is one of the few animals that cannot produce this vitamin and therefore must get it from an external source. Fortunately, it is found abundantly in fruits and vegetables such as RED, papaya, tomato, and brussels sprouts. It is a supplement needed as insurance against the increased demands of aging.

Research on vitamin C dosage is so well known that many people probably know at least two or three effects of Vitamin C. The effects of optimal vitamin C dosage are wide-ranging. They have been postulated to immunize against cancer, saves arteries by driving up HDL, raises immunity by increasing production of lymphocytes; reverses biological clock by increasing white blood cell level in elderly; enhance adrenal function; improves sperm and restores male fertility; combats gum disease; suppresses high blood pressure; and regenerates Vitamin E and glutathione.

Vitamin C Dosage

Over the years, many research studies have concluded that Vitamin C is one of the safest and most non-toxic natural nutrients that can be taken. Both long-term and high oral intakes of up to 200,000 mg and intravenous doses of up to 300,000 mg of Vitamin C is safe and has no side effects. Likewise, studies show that there is no evidence of toxicity or side effects in giving late-stage cancer patients 50,000 mg of intravenous Vitamin C daily for up to 8 weeks. Moreover, AIDS patients were given anywhere between 25,000 to 125,000 mg of Vitamin C on a regular basis based on bowel tolerance without any side effects. Vitamin C is undeniably a safe supplement even when given in high doses over a long period of time.

Reports of heartburn from the use of over-the-counter Vitamin C occur in some cases ( primarily in those with a sensitive gastric lining) but they still remain virtually devoid of side effects. Diarrhea, a common occurrence when the intake of vitamin C exceeds the body’s tolerance level (BTL) is temporary and subside once vitamin C dosage is reduced. This is not considered a side effect but rather a sign of maximum saturation from oral ingestion.

Vitamin C dosage and heartburnThose with adrenal fatigue treatment, especially in the advanced stage, may experience increased anxiety and or fatigue with vitamin C. This is generally due to a clearance problem and not the vitamin C itself. Vitamin C is broken down into metabolites prior to its excretion from the body. If this breakdown process is dysfunctional or functionally sub-optimal ( as frequently seen in advanced adrenal weakness), the speed of clearance is reduced. As a result, metabolites accumulate and circulate in the body for a longer period of time. This excessive circulating metabolite can trigger a wide variety of “re-toxification” like symptoms including malaise, joint pain, anxiety, fatigue, heart palpitations, etc. These are not side effects of vitamin C.

Vitamin C and Iron

Vitamin C will enhance the absorption of iron many folds. However, for it to do so, it must be taken simultaneously with the iron. Both vitamin C and iron must be present together in the intestine for the positive effect to occur.

Vitamin C and Kidney Stones

Vitamin C intake is commonly confused for a build-up of kidney stones since studies have shown that it contributes to the increased production oxalates in the body. However, no evidence has surfaced to pinpoint Vitamin C as the sole culprit in the increase in kidney stones as there are other factors that contribute to the development of oxalates in the body.

When Vitamin C is taken, it is broken down into dehydroascorbic acid (DHAA). It is further metabolized and converted into diketogulonic acid. Finally, it is broken down and metabolized into exonic, xylose, threonic acid, or oxalic acid (oxalate).

Oxalate is the metabolic end product when the human body breaks down Vitamin C. The body cannot break oxalates down into smaller compounds. The confusion arises due to the presence of calcium oxalate, the primary component of kidney stones. Moreover, some suggest that the intake of Vitamin C promotes the development of these kidney stones due to the oxalates that are produced when Vitamin C is broken down by the human body. However, over the years a large body of studies has been compiled from credible research facilities and has shown that these assumptions are not true. In addition, many research studies have proven that Vitamin C actually decreases the chance of kidney stone formation. Furthermore, Jester’s statistical study in 1977 revealed that individuals with high Vitamin C intake had a lower risk of kidney stones as compared to individuals consuming the least amount of Vitamin C.

Build up of calcium oxalate stones in the kidney are caused by a number of factors. High Vitamin C intake when certain medical conditions are present is just one of many. Kidney stones are linked to the presence of heavy metal killing agents such as DMPS, DMS and EDTA, increased urinary calcium, reduced urinary magnesium, increased urinary cystine, increased urinary phosphorous, ageing, dehydration, over supplementation of calcium, pre-existing kidney insufficiency or failure, history of intestinal bypass or resection surgery, urinary tract infections, hyperparathyroidism, cirrhosis, diabetes, congestive heart failure, antibiotic therapy, prolonged bed rest, hypertension, increased alcohol intake, and ketogenic diet.

Vitamin C dosage and oxalatesTaking Vitamin C may increase the oxalate level in the urine. This is the reason why many think that prolonged administration of Vitamin C will increase calcium oxalates in the human body. However, there are certain researches that have shown a leveling of oxalate production even though Vitamin C dosing was continued. Furthermore, the human body excretes significant amounts of oral Vitamin C without being metabolized. In addition, Vitamin C does not have to be broken down to oxalates to be utilized by the human body. As much as 89% Vitamin C administered is eliminated as DHAA. The unoxidized form of this vitamin is readily restored from oxidized counterpart than from the metabolic breakdown product. In short, Vitamin C does not have to be broken down to oxalate before it is utilized by the body. No significant increase in oxalates was noticed in healthy men when given a dose of 4000 mg or less of Vitamin C.

Spinach, rhubarb, parsley, citrus fruits and especially tea are good sources of oxalates. Likewise, swiss chard, cocoa, chocolate, pepper, wheat germs, peanuts, refried beans, lime peel have high oxalate content. Just like the others mentioned, various soy-based food has high oxalate levels. In addition, a high protein food such as sartenes and herring roe also increase oxalate secretion in the body.

Researchers have shown the therapeutic role of Vitamin C. The studies have shown that Vitamin C is responsible for inhibiting the formation of calcium oxalate in individuals with a history of stone formation.

In spite of the numerous researches and studies, many women especially the elderly still take regular doses of calcium supplement. The excess calcium due to the supplements finds its way to other compounds in the system. The calcium is combined with oxalates that are already in high concentration in the human body. However, studies have shown that Vitamin C given with calcium carbonate and other oxalate sources can facilitate stone formation. Patients who develop kidney stones should take sodium ascorbate as Vitamin C supplement and must avoid calcium ascorbate with calcium supplements.

Proper monitoring of Vitamin C therapy, as well as other oxalate sources, must be done for patients with renal and kidney problems. Likewise, patients suffering from G6PD Deficiency and those with high levels of metal in their system must have professional assistance in monitoring their medication. Totally avoiding vitamin C is not a sound recommendation since the human body still needs this vitamin. No conclusive evidence has pinpointed Vitamin C as the sole cause of renal and kidney failure due to excess calcium oxalate crystal formation in normal people. However, proper dosage and monitoring must be observed. The decline in kidney function after Vitamin C therapy is due to dehydration and pre-existing kidney disease. In fact, these two are the major causes of the decline in kidney function. A careful study of the patient’s medical history must be done before putting the blame on Vitamin C. Proper hydration when medicating is always necessary. This will help prevent crystallization as well as a concentration of precipitates in the human body, which includes kidney stone crystals.

Vitamin C ingestion must be monitored to include patients with a G6PD deficiency as well as those with a high level of metals in their system.

Vitamin C and Pro-oxidation

Vitamin C dosage and antioxidantsVitamin C’s oxidant properties are found in low dosages (60 mg up to 2,000 mg). For its pro-oxidant properties to manifest, it requires high circulated or tissue level of one or more catalytic metals such as mercury or lead. Asides from Vitamin C, other antioxidants like glutathione and NAD have pro-oxidant capabilities. The primary factor needed for Vitamin C and other anti-oxidants to demonstrate pro-oxidant activity is the presence of catalytic metals like mercury and lead.

Only moderate levels of Vitamin C must be administered to people with Hemochromatosis and high iron disorder. Likewise, caution must be maintained for patients with Glucose – 6 – phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency when giving patients Vitamin C. The iron level in G6PD deficient cells detrimentally interacts with the Vitamin C. G6PD deficient cells rupture due to the presence of Vitamin C. It has also been shown that Vitamin C can promote a hemolytic crisis in individual with G6PD condition. However, it is difficult to predict its occurrence. To avoid complications, medical professionals should closely monitor the administration of Vitamin C in the presence of G6PD as well as chronic kidney insufficiency. Read More

How to Slow Aging: Periodic Fasting, Estrogen, and Autophagy – Part 1

Periodic fasting is going without food, drinking only water, for a period of time that may last from 12 to 16 hours. Most people undergo this kind of fasting in an effort to try to lose weight. However, there is mounting evidence that periodic fasting leads to an increase in estrogen production, which then leads to a process called autophagy. These three factors in combination appear to slow the aging process, as well.

When considering aging, most often the piece left out of the discussion is the effects of hormones. Research indicates hormones play a significant role in aging and are affected a great deal by periodic fasting. The interaction between periodic fasting and hormones helps metabolic pathways deliver optimum health and increase longevity.

In spite of this promising research, there are drawbacks to periodic fasting, as well. Especially if you have adrenal fatigue treatment, periodic fasting may lead to an exacerbation of your symptoms.

What Is Periodic Fasting?

Many people engage in this kind of fasting almost daily. Consider this, if you eat your last meal at seven p.m. and don’t have any more food until breakfast at seven a.m., you have effectively fasted for 12 hours. And even relatively short fasts such as this appear to have some health benefits.

Research has shown periodic fasting to have the following health benefits:

  • Increased energy
  • Improved memory and clearer thinking
  • Lowered insulin resistance and increased sensitivity to insulin
  • Improved immune function
  • Less risk of diabetes
  • Less risk of neurodegenerative conditions

Periodic Fasting Schedules

Periodic fasting is an overall term that describes several schedules of fasting. In general, you are reducing the number of calories you consume either daily, on alternate days, or for a couple of days every week.

The 5:2 Plan

The “5:2” fasting plan is one of the most frequently recommended. This involves eating normally for five days of the week and fasting for two. When fasting following this plan, the idea is to cut your caloric intake on fasting days to one-fourth of your typical intake. Be sure to drink plenty of water and tea on those days.

Alternate Day Fast

Alternate Day Fast is a form of periodic fastingAnother fasting plan that is used frequently is the alternate day fast. This way of periodic fasting can be difficult for some people because it is one-day fasting followed by one day of eating regularly. This means the fasting period may be as long as 32 to 36 hours if sleep time is included. It also means going to bed on an empty stomach every other day.

Some research conducted with this alternate day fasting plan showed compliance to be higher than with some other plans. The idea in this fasting plan is to consume 500 calories on fasting days and to eat normally on non-fasting days. Consuming these 500 calories in one meal seems to work best, at least so far as cutting down on cheating is concerned. This research also showed this kind of periodic fasting to be as effective for losing weight as total fasting.

Restricted Eating Times

A third fasting plan is one in which you restrict your eating to a specific time period. For example, you allow yourself to eat only during a specific eight-hour window of time. Adherents of this fasting plan say it becomes easier to stay with once your body begins burning fat for fuel instead of sugar.

The reason for this is that fat is a slow-burning fuel for your body as compared to the fast-burning sugars that you normally consume. You’re able to keep going longer because you don’t have the energy crashes associated with sugar consumption.

With this periodic fasting schedule, as well as any other, staying with it is the major issue. Those who use this third plan the most say it is easiest to comply with because of the lack of energy crashes. They also report the food cravings so many people fall prey to when fasting will go away once your body begins burning fat for fuel. The amount of food you consume will also decrease when this begins.

Periodic Fasting Works Differently in Women and Men

There is a synergy between periodic fasting and hormones. This interaction serves to optimize metabolic functioning to increase health benefits. The relationship between this kind of fasting and hormones brings some significant benefits and poses some potential problems. It is a relationship that works differently in men and women.

Particularly for women, periodic fasting can bring possible health problems. Women’s bodies are very sensitive to indications of starvation. The hunger hormones ghrelin and leptin will be increased if the woman’s body senses starvation.

Fasting can bring on feelings of hunger in women that seem to be insatiable. This is the way a woman’s body prompts her to protect a fetus, even if she isn’t pregnant.

A woman cheating during periodic fasting danger of this is that when women ignore these indications of hunger, they may become worse. Given enough time suffering from these hunger symptoms, they become almost impossible to fight against. You may give in and binge eats, leading to guilt. Then, you go through fasting again, bringing on the feelings of starvation, and on and on.

This kind of vicious cycle can lead to significant hormone imbalance and even stop ovulation. In fact, animal studies showed female rats in these conditions stopped having menstrual cycles and even experienced shrunken ovaries. They also had more problems with insomnia than male rats in the study. The males also experienced lowered testosterone.

Even with the few studies involving human subjects and the different responses of men and women to periodic fasting, it appears clear that this kind of fasting can lead to serious problems in women. Because of hormonal imbalance, women are more likely to experience fertility problems and eating disorders such as anorexia and/or bulimia, as well as binge eating issues.

Fasting’s Effect on Insulin

Reducing insulin levels has been shown to be one of the fasting’s health benefits. It is easy to see why. All foods consumed increase insulin levels in your body, so if you stop consuming food, your insulin levels fall. With periodic fasting, even for time periods as short as 24 hours, once your body begins burning fat, your blood glucose level will remain constant even as your insulin levels fall.

When fasting, your insulin resistance will decrease and your sensitivity to insulin will increase. This allows your body to utilize insulin more effectively and efficiently. This insulin issue is the missing part of most diets.

Lowering insulin also will lead to lower levels of salt and water in your body. This can then bring on lower blood pressure, another health benefit of periodic fasting.

Fasting Increases Growth Hormone

Many people use periodic fasting to increase the burning of fat for fuel for your body. If this fat can be made more available, it will be burned more effectively. Growth hormone has been shown to make fats more available for burning while it preserves muscle mass and bone density. One of the best ways to increase the production of growth hormone is through fasting. Fasting for five days has been shown to more than double the secretion of growth hormone.

Noradrenaline and Adrenaline Ramp Up to Burn Fat

Noradrenaline and adrenaline work together to keep energy levels high and to optimize metabolism functioning. One of the ways they do this is to burn fat for fuel. These two catecholamines bind to the beta one and two receptors in your body, increasing the cAMP levels and the breakdown of fat.

In order for body fat to be burned for fuel, it has to be removed from fat cells. An enzyme called Hormone Sensitive Lipase (HSL) is needed for this to happen.

Insulin decreases HSL. Noradrenaline and adrenaline, the catecholamines, increase HSL by increasing cAMP levels. Thus, periodic fasting aids in burning fat by decreasing insulin levels and increasing noradrenaline and adrenaline levels.

This increase in noradrenaline is seen in the increased metabolic rate during periodic fasting. During fasting, the body revs up metabolism rather than shutting it down.

Periodic fasting and no-sugar dietWith this revved-up metabolism, the body begins burning fat instead of sugar for fuel. Fat is stored food, after all. Thus, the body uses this stored food for fuel when consumption of sugar is limited through fasting.

Because sugar is easily accessed and simpler to use, your body burns it first. Unfortunately, only so much sugar in the form of glucose can be stored. Therefore, it must be resupplied frequently. Fat, on the other hand, is in long-term storage, so to speak. It is more difficult to place fat in storage and to remove it for use. Fasting becomes the mechanism for burning all of the stored sugar so that the fat then becomes available. The idea is that, rather than continually replenishing your supply of sugar, you stop consuming it to make the stored fat available.

Fasting Reduces Estrogen Dominance

One of the difficulties that can arise under conditions of Adrenal Fatigue Syndrome (AFS) is that of estrogen dominance. Periodic fasting helps decrease estrogen dominance by lowering body fat. This is important because every fat cell secretes estrogen to maintain itself.

This secretion of estrogen by fat cells leads to an imbalance in the estrogen/testosterone hormones in both men and women. In men, it causes an overabundance of estrogen; in women, an overabundance of testosterone. This brings on estrogen dominance.

Estrogen dominance leads to fat deposits in both men and women. In men, it also can lead to low testosterone, prostate problems, and erectile dysfunction, as well as cancer.

While estrogen can be a problem in some cases, in others, it is a necessity. For example, estrogen is necessary for autophagy to occur.

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Is Social Media Negatively Affecting Your Health?

Technology, science, and research have taken us into a brave new world. We are now living lives that were once only visible in the “Jetsons” Saturday morning cartoons and futuristic Hollywood movies. As a kid, I remember riding Epcot’s “Spaceship Earth” that zoomed us through the ages, and into the future, where people used to talk to each other through their TV’s and computers. I’m not sure whether scientists back then even envisioned we would have what is now social media, or that we’d be accessing it through tiny devices that act as a phone, calendar, and computer, all in one. Technology and cell phones have no doubt changed the way we live and interact, keeping us connected with friends and relatives we may have otherwise lost touch with.

But there is also a dark side. Research has emphasized some of the serious side effects that technology and social media may have. But the convenience of having everyone accessible at your fingertips does come with a price. Adults and children are starting to see the effects, and more connections are being made between technological advances and significant health problems. One of the biggest concerns surrounding social media is that it is changing the way we communicate and interact, and more importantly, how we feel about ourselves, both mentally and physically.

The Dark Side of Social Media

According to new research, the more time children, teens, and adults spend on social media, the greater the risk of developing mental issues. Disturbingly, there is a direct correlation between online social networking and psychiatric disorders including low self-esteem, anxiety, depression, ADD, and ADHD.

Addiction

The most pronounced concern lies in addiction. The phenomenon is so new that research is only just starting to come out about this issue, but there is sufficient evidence to suggest the internet and social media addiction is real and extremely intrusive. In fact, there is a diagnosis being called “Facebook Addiction Disorder” and it meets all the criteria: neglect of personal life, mental preoccupation, escapism, mood modifying experiences, and the tolerance and concealing of addictive behavior.

Connected, but not Connected

You may be connected to hundreds of “friends” on social media, but studies are showing that these connections are actually linked to greater feelings of social isolation. As it turns out, the more time you spend on social media sites, the more you perceive yourself to be socially isolated. These negative feelings are one of the worst things for our bodies and can have tremendous side effects.

Is Social Media Negatively Impacting Our Mental Health?

Healthcare professionals have been taken aback by the huge inflow of patients affected by social media. Psychologists and psychiatrists are seeing depressed and anxious teenagers at alarming rates. Why is this? Subconsciously, social media scrollers are taking note of all the contrasts they find between their own lives and those of the perfectly presented lives they glance over. Although common sense tells us what we’re looking at is probably a fake portrayal of reality that has been photoshopped and edited, the comparison still takes place in our minds and tends to lead to low self-esteem, anxiety, and other depressive symptoms. Body type, family composition, lifestyles, and social preferences have become so idealized that it’s easy to feel inadequate about our own lives, appearance, intelligence, and success. The outcome? Moral integrity gets lost.

Let’s be honest. How do you feel after your sessions on social media platforms? Do you feel distracted, jealous, or unnerving? Take a few minutes to examine the list below:

  • Do you find yourself comparing your life to others based on social media content?
  • Do you feel a level of distress while viewing your feed?
  • Are you frequently envious of others while engaging in posts?
  • Is social media your primary leisure activity?
  • Are you connecting with friends and family more often on social media than in person?
  • Has your ability to concentrate decreased?
  • Have you noticed an unusual social anxiety when you interact with people offline?
  • Do you feel the need to share everything you do on social media?
  • Do you experience FOMO—fear of missing out—when you view other people’s activity?
  • Do you turn to social media as a distraction or to suppress unpleasant emotions you may be experiencing?
  • Have you developed sleep disorders along with increased fatigue?

If you notice any of these symptoms, you may want to reevaluate your stance on social media. Take some time away from it and focus on healthier alternatives. Many therapists and healthcare practitioners are readily available and equipped to discuss social media issues with you.

Addiction Is Real

Addiction in any form is real and very dangerous. Although the study of social media addiction is fairly new, without a doubt, it stimulates pleasure centers and dopamine in the brain, just like drugs and other addictive substances and practices. When your posts are given a “like” you receive positive reinforcement, so you continue posting and checking for more “likes”, which then becomes a need. The habit is hard to break since most humans are wired towards good feelings. However, the line between healthy fun and addictive behavior can quickly be crossed. So much so that the Journal of Psychological Science has declared that social media platforms may be as addictive as alcohol and cigarettes.

Here are a few addictive behaviors to watch out for:

  • Is your social media usage compulsive? Do you feel like you “have to” use it?
  • Are you having a hard time not engaging in social media, even when you don’t want to?
  • Is your use of social media growing and taking up more and more of your time?
  • Do you feel a sense of negative emotions arise when you aren’t engaging in an online platform?
  • Do you become preoccupied with social media and lose track of reality? Have you lost track of what’s going on in the here and now?
  • Have you neglected your “real” relationships with family and friends and find engaging in social media more appealing?

If you answered yes to quite a few of these, chances are you may have a social media addiction. It should be treated just like any other addiction. There are a few methods, listed below, you could try on your own. However, if you’re feeling overwhelmed and have lost control, consult a professional so you can get back to a healthier lifestyle as quickly as possible.

How To Cut The Addiction

Hanging out with friends can help to cut back your social media usageRecognizing the need to cut back on your social media usage is the first step in any addiction program. Next? Get offline. Here are some tips on how to break the habit:

  • Reach out to friends and family offline. Use the phone to speak to them, or even better, meet face-to-face.
  • Put down your phone. Turn it over, or even off, when you’re with company.
  • Turn to physical activities that don’t allow you to look at your phone even if you want to. Join a gym, take a jog, or start a dance class.
  • Meditate. Everyone should learn the art of controlling their thoughts.
  • Find a new healthy hobby, learn a new skill, or take up a foreign language. No time is better than the present to be proactive.
  • Get some sleep. If you have an addiction, chances are you’ve been waking up often to check your status updates. If sleep eludes you, look into healthy sleep aids like melatonin.
  • Uninstall apps on your phone and remove shortcuts. This has been proven to work miracles by removing the need for a quick fix.
  • Set yourself some guidelines that include when and for how long you are allowed to engage in social media. If you need to, set a timer!

What Does This Mean For Adrenal Fatigue?

Adrenal fatigue and Social media

As much as possible, sufferers of Adrenal Fatigue Treatment must create a stress-free environment for themselves. With stress being the root cause of this debilitating ailment, avoiding stress-inducing activities is the key to healing. With new evidence surfacing daily on the negative effects of social media, it may be a good idea for AFS patients to limit their online interactions even more than the average person. Especially due to the fact that social media has now been linked to anxiety, an issue that can handicap even the healthiest body.

Although there is no direct connection between AFS and anxiety, they are definitely intertwined. Stress affects the entire NeuroEndoMetabolic (NEM) stress response system. When something affects all six of the major systems in the body, it needs to be addressed. If social media is causing you anxiety and you suffer from AFS, speak to your healthcare practitioner about creating an action that will work best for you.

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Worrying About Terrorism May Kill You : Business Travellers

The looming shadow of terrorism is pervasive. The recent suicide attack that targeted a music concert in Manchester, UK; the vehicle attack in London, UK, two months prior;  and compounded further by regular images across the media of marauding attacks in cities such as Paris and Berlin. These acts of extreme violence are perpetrated by individuals who embrace death as part of the objective of their actions. The very thought of this is no doubt extremely worrisome, but what are the chances of falling victim to terrorism? The simple answer: very small indeed.  Worrying about terrorism to the neglect of more prevalent threats, however, may actually increase your risk.

Business Traveler Tracking quite often has irrational or misplaced fears that can lead them to not feel secure, when in fact they are, while conversely some often feel secure when abroad but are actually far from it. A significant number of travelers fear the risk of terrorism and, in doing so, neglect those risks that are statistically far more likely to kill or injure them.

“Security is two different things – it is a feeling and a reality. You can feel secure even if you are not and you can be secure even if you don’t feel it,” says security technologist Bruce Schneier.

Schneier further explains certain biases in risk perception:

Human beings tend to exaggerate spectacular and rare risks and downplay common risks.

The unknown is perceived to be riskier than the familiar.

Why and how do these relate to business travel safety?

Bias #1: Human Beings Tend to Exaggerate Spectacular, Rare Risks and Downplay Common Risks

This has led to many people being overly focused on the risk of terrorism. In turn, business travelers and those responsible for the security of business travelers often neglect those threats that are statistically far more likely to kill or injure, such as road traffic incidents, crime, and drowning.

What is most likely to kill you when traveling?

The U.S State Department maintains records of all registered deaths of U.S. citizens abroad. The details identify for the majority what they died of and where. The results may surprise you. See the two charts in the images above for details.

In Figure 2, it is interesting to note the correlation between deaths due to Terrorism (Yellow) and that of deaths due to Pedestrian accidents (Orange).

traveler-tracking

Bias #2: the Unknown Is Perceived to Be Riskier Than the Familiar

Regular travelers to a certain city or location may likely become complacent, especially if they have not been directly affected by any of the dangers or hazards that may be present. This is also referred to as “Boiling Frog Syndrome” – named from the phenomenon that a frog is put into boiling water, will immediately jump out, but if you place the frog in cold water and slowly heat it up will stay in there and eventually boil to death.  Not an overly joyous image, but one that paints the picture accurately.

This complacency prevalent with certain travelers often leads to their safety and security decreasing whilst the chances of them being a victim of the crime or neglecting risks increasing. If our feelings match security reality – we make better tradeoffs.  To improve our personal security when traveling it is important to understand these two key biases.

“If it is in the news don’t worry about it, as by definition news is something that almost never happens,” says Bruce Schneier. The solution, therefore, is to know what the risks are – and obtain “Ground Truth.” This should involve research into your destination. What are the main dangers of the country or cities that you will be visiting?

Crime, natural disasters, health issues and political instability are all important factors to consider. Consider also specific and current issues such as date rape drugs being utilized in a tourist hotspot, or a spate of recent muggings in certain locations. Study the U.S. State Department website or the equivalent travel advisory guidance of your country of origin.

Another great resource of information is commercial websites where one can interact on chat forums, advice pages, and blogs.  The website Lonely Planet is a very useful source of information as are Twitter feeds such as @ExploreSecure. Learn from others’ mistakes and experiences.

Yes, terrorism is a risk and not one to be dismissed – but the chances of falling victim to it are statistically very small indeed. By worrying about terrorism to the neglect of more prevalent and pervasive threats, you are likely to increase your risk of being a victim.

CHOOSING THE #1 POOL REMODELING COMPANY IN OAK PARK

A Swimming pool in the backyard is what every family wants, isn’t it?

From esthetic qualities to practical use, a swimming pool can help de-stress or plan a deck side activity whenever you please.

But ever so often, your pool might get damaged or just desire a new look. Under such circumstances what can be better than planning a complete renovation of its entire structure?

Not only can remodeling help you repair the worn out old parts of your pool, but it can also give it a new modern shape with cool deck designs.

There are a lot of pool remodeling agencies to choose from. And if you are a resident of Oak Park, you know that having a lot of choices is not always a good thing. Your pool might not turn out the way you want it if you choose the wrong renovator.

So, to help you along we bring you a guide on how to pick the right pool remodeling company.

Signs That Prompt Immediate Pool Renovation

There are a lot of signs your pool can show that might prompt an immediate professional assessment. The more noticeable among them can be a leak from damage or even floor tile corrosion. Under such circumstances, it’s always better to plan a renovation before it gets too late. Here are a few visible signs you should look out for.

Reduction in Water Level

The most significant sign of pool damage is a noticeable drop in surface water level. This sudden drop might be a cause of bad plumbing or a leak in the pools internal structures. Corrosion of pool parts can lead to significant damage which a simple repair and treatment might not be able to solve.

Outdated and Unfashionable

With the advancements in modern water filtering technology and pool designs, your swimming pool might look old and out of fashion. Remodeling your pool will add the perfect aesthetic background to any backyard gatherings or party.

Worn Out Plumbing Mechanism

Over time, the more a pool is used, the more does it need regular maintenance. But even with periodic cleaning and treatment, a complete overhaul of the pool’s mechanical systems might be a necessity. Functional parts like pumps and filters wear out after an extended period of use. Remodeling the old pool structure to support a new pumping system may just be the only solution then.

Damaged Floor

More often than not, the first part to get damaged in a new pool is the floor. Accumulation of debris and stains slowly wears out the tiles, making the floor slippery and brittle.

Boring

A backyard pool used only for swimming can turn out to be a very dry experience. With the help of a proper renovation plan, you can add fun features like sun decks and water slides to lighten the otherwise dull ambiance.

Swimming Pools

Making the New Pool

There are a lot of ways you can choose to modernize your old pool. Not only can you lighten the monotonous swimming experience but fix up the old parts as well. So, here are a few ideas to help you along.

Night Lights

Swimming pools at night give off a very romantic aura, and the aesthetics get even more augmented when the perfect lights couple it. Glowlights positioned strategically near the poolside, that change color every so often, can be a magnificent display to behold.

An Attractive Shape

We all know how fussy and scared kids can get when it comes to their first swimming lessons. Giving your pool a very out of the box shape can help make learning a more enjoyable experience.

Beautiful Floor Tile Design

Here is a fantastic idea that can improve the aesthetic appeal of your pool. Setting up colorful tiles in the form of a mosaic can make the pool floor look absolutely breathtaking from above. This creates the ideal setting for any poolside activity.

Fountains and Waterfalls

Unique water features like small fountains, slides, and waterfalls, can add an elemental of fun during family pool times. Now both kids and adults can have a much more entertaining poolside experience.

The Spa

Who doesn’t deserve therapeutic pampering? This is where the idea of the spa comes in. By hiring the right Oak Park pool remodeling company, you can effectively turn the extra deck space into a beautiful spa that can even support a Jacuzzi.

How to Pick the Right Pool Remodeling Company?

As most Oak Park residences have backyard swimming pools, it is not surprising that numerous pool renovation agencies are offering their services to its residents.

Pool Vally

Here is How You Pick the Right One

Honesty and Trust

Many companies try to hoodwink their customers by giving poor service for a lot of pay. To prevent the same from happening to you, it is never a bad idea to acquaint yourself with the basics of pool remodeling. Along with a general knowledge of remodeling always conduct a thorough background check on the company you wish to choose and the technicians they hire. This will save you from falling prey to fraudulent contractors.

Legitimacy

A membership in the Association of Pool and Spa Professionals, or an accreditation by  The Master Pools Guild are essential pointers to a pool treatment company’s legitimacy. Checking the company’s license with the Registrar of Contractors or the BBB along with their previous portfolios will help you identify if the company is working under a new license or not.

As Many Chose to Get a New License and Hide Their Previously Poor Track Record

Their Work Specialty

Not all pool renovators can cater to your remodeling needs. Only thorough research of work history can help you pick the right one. Get to know what they specialize in and how comfortable you are in dealing with their customer service. Communication between customer and technician is essential when it comes to a job as complicated as remodeling

Work History

The same way a company will not hire someone without a resume, try to find the years the company has been in business. To choose the right pool remodeling company, it is important to know the type of work they’re capable of doing. If they don’t have many pool plans or pictures that showcase their work, it would be wise to look up another agency.

Happy Remodeling!

Choosing the right pool renovator is never an easy task. But a thorough background check and realizing your remodeling needs can ease the selection process significantly. If you want to hire true professionals who knows the ins and outs of everything ‘swimming pool,’ get in touch with us right now!

We have both the expertise and experience to do things exactly the way you want it.

Discover This Info Here

Why You Really Need A Girls clothes sale

Cool Girls clothes sale

You will just love these designs from Girls clothes sale, designer baby clothes, if you are not familiar with this range yet. So lovable, the whole range from Online Shopping Socks and Shoes, Online Shopping Headbands, Sets all so cute and lovable.

A few of the Girls clothes sale

 

girls clothes sale
girls clothes sale

See some of the cute Girls clothes sale, from the headbands, sets for baby boys as well.

Party Time Cupcake Tunic and Leggings Girls clothes sale

See this charming 100% cotton set from Girls clothes with a cupcake featured on the front with a polka dot fabric base, crinoline as icing, the ribbon as a candle and ruffles at the bottom. You get lovely white Baby leggings pants with pink polka dots on. Great for going to parties, showing off your little girl.

Baby Buds Large Pink Flower Headband by Online Shopping Girls clothes sale

So pretty for your darling little girl this Online Shopping Headband on a stretchy Baby Buds Headband with a large flower centered with a rhinestone encased in a silver holder.

Chiffon Ruffle Sock Gift Set

You will love these adorable Mary Jane socks from the Tiny Dancer Collection by Girls clothes. The chiffon Ruffle Sock Gift set has pink and white socks with pink polka dots and chiffon ruffled top. This set is wonderful as a baby shower gift. These are for birth to 6 months, great packaging with a bow on. See also the cute shoes styles from Online Shopping.

Click image below to get some of these Girls clothes sale or to find out more.

girls clothes
girls clothes

Online Shopping Wild Child Giraffe Hat Girls clothes sale

You will love this as well absolutely magnificent this crochet hat from Online Shopping, it features a great big bow with maribou accent from the wild child collection. Love all this design flair with the animal theme.

So cute this Online Shopping Sun Hat, you can roll it to fit if too big, so it can last longer, get more wear out of it. You do lose most of your heat through your head so keep your baby nice and warm with one of these darling hats.

Online Shopping Prince Gator Long all Girls clothes sale

Yes you are thinking is this post just for girls, no here is something for the boys Online Shopping Boy Clothes are equally cute, with some funky designs, from hats, to sets with shorts, to lobster cute designs.

This one is so cute with gingham and stripes, with animal appliqués on; it also has inner leg snaps for closure. Click above or below to buy one of these darling outfits from Girls clothes sale.

Boys Clothing For The Beach

Most men or boys while in the beach might feel a little shy or embarrassed wearing Speedo briefs. If you are a shy or a conserved type you could wear beach baby clothes uk. The following are a number of beach baby clothes uk for boys to cover their little briefs shirts sandals and trendiest sunglasses made for boys as you plan for a vacation at the beach. Beach baby clothes The most popular beach baby clothes for boys include the board Baby clothes uk in Aloha Black. These baby clothes are perfect for surfing water skiing swimming or just anything that you can do or planning to at the beach. They are popular due to their durability and style. Other beach baby clothes fit for boys are the Original Jams. These baby clothes uk have dominated the beach since the 1960s. These boys beach baby clothes uk have a drawstring for the front tie and a back pocket. They are made from cotton and hence fit to be worn at the beach. Other types of boys beach baby clothes uk are All in Board baby clothes uk made by an Australian company known as Billabong. This type of baby clothes uk gets their inspiration from Tai Burrow an Australian pro surfer. They are made from polyester material hence more comfortable to wear. There are also the popular swim baby clothes with Hawaiian prints and flashy colors. Boys beach baby clothes can really look great when worn with any sleeveless Tshirt or just a regular baby clothes ukleeve shirt.

baby clothes uk
baby clothes uk

Sleeveless Tshirts The other beach garment fit for boys is the sleeveless Tshirt. This T shirt will stylishly match and go down well with your selected beach short. Most stylish and fashionable sleeveless Tshirts found in many stores have a thrift store appeal. Some will contain a well decorated logo that are retroinspired or designed.

A Collared baby clothes ukleeve shirt This is more than a musthave beach shirt for boys. It is a dressier alternative to a sleeveless Tshirt. A buttoned down boys beach baby clothes ukleeve shirt will make you more stylish and fashionable. There are various stores that stock these collared short sleeved beach shirts meant for boys.

Beach Sandals Planning for a vacation at the beach is never complete with beach sandals. There are a variety of the trendiest beach sandals that will match with your beach baby clothes uk and sleeveless shirts. There are many styles of opentoe shoes in stores such as thongs flipflops this resembles showering shoes and lounges.

Keep in mind that leather suede or those types of dressy sandals are not fit for the beach. But plastic or rubber flipflops sandals are the perfect solution for the beach. Apart from leather or suede sandals; you can skip the Velcro strapped sandals as well stick to thongs or flipflops.

Beach sunglasses The vacation at the beach is not complete without adorning those stylish and trendy sunglasses. A sunglass brings out modernity in you. There are a number of sunglasses fit for boys but remember that they dont clash with the other beach clothes you are wearing lest you look out of place. Therefore as you plan to enjoy yourself and have fun at the beach choose the best clothes that not only bring out style in you but also makes you feel comfortable.

Veronica Jewell writes for a range of interent sites including Wombat baby clothing a fair trade clothing company. Wombat are ethical company with three shops as well as their online store.

Don’t Stress Too Much, or Your Autonomic Nervous System Will Suffer

Try as you might, stress in daily life is ultimately impossible to avoid. Triggers for stress tend to surround you. They can be connected to your family, career, finances, health, dating life, and other factors. What you may not realize, though, is that every time you go through an intense time of stress, your autonomic nervous system (ANS) does more work than you can imagine. And if there is no end to your stress in sight, your ANS can easily become compromised to the point that your adrenals and overall health suffer too.

What is the Autonomic Nervous System?

The nervous system is mainly divided into two parts. First is the central nervous system, which includes the spinal cord and brain. Secondly, there is the peripheral nervous system, a part of which is composed of the autonomic nervous system.

The autonomic nervous system covers a vast network in the body, including the cardiovascular, genitourinary, GI, ophthalmologic and thermoregulatory systems. Hence, it affects various critical organ muscles and glands. These include the heart, eyes, stomach, esophagus, small intestine, trachea, kidney, bladder, sexual organs, and the adrenal glands.

The ANS performs several critical functions within your body on a regular basis. It does so without the need for any voluntary action on your end since its responses are always done reflexively. In fact, with the assistance of the adrenal glands, it kick-starts a response to stress without you having to do anything.

Critical Response: How the ANS and Adrenal Glands Work Together in Times of Stress

When you are faced with stress, your brain’s hypothalamus essentially functions as a command center. It starts communicating with the rest of your body through your autonomic nervous system.

The autonomic nervous system is made up of five separate systems, with the sympathetic and the parasympathetic system is the most recognized. When faced with a stressful event, the hypothalamus proceeds to activate the sympathetic nervous system by having the autonomic nerves send signals to your adrenal glands, via the sympathomedullary nervous system.

This kick-starts your body’s fight-or-flight response to the stress. When this happens, your adrenals start pumping the hormone epinephrine, or adrenaline, into your bloodstream. Once the epinephrine starts to circulate throughout your body, you can expect a number of key physiological changes.

First, your heart will start to beat faster than usual. As your pulse rate goes up, so will your blood pressure level. You will also start to breathe more rapidly. The small airways in your lungs will open wide. This allows the lungs to take in as much oxygen as they can with each breath. This extra oxygen will then be sent to the brain to increase your body’s alertness.

When this happens, you will feel all your senses becoming sharper, including your sight and hearing. Around the same time, the epinephrine will trigger both blood sugar and fats to be temporarily released from storage within the body. These nutrients will then make their way to your bloodstream and supply energy throughout your body.

Meanwhile, as the stressful episode wanes, the initial surge of epinephrine throughout your body will subside. However, should the brain still perceive an event as dangerous, the hypothalamus will release a corticotropin-releasing hormone that will make its way to the pituitary gland? In response, the pituitary gland will release an adrenocorticotropic hormone, which then triggers the adrenal glands to start producing cortisol.

Once the threat or stress is gone, the cortisol levels in the body will begin to fall. The parasympathetic nervous system will then dampen your body’s stress response. As this happens, the body will also begin to recover from the stress.

Your heart rate will drop, and your muscles will start to relax again. Meanwhile, you will experience an increase in saliva as digestive enzymes are also released in your body. Your body’s urinary output will also increase to help you further flush out any toxins from the stress you just experienced. At the same time, any adrenaline left in the body will be metabolized. Norepinephrine, which is a neurotransmitter as well as a hormone, will be released, starting at the brain. This will cause a sense of alertness and results in insomnia for many, as well as pounding in the chest and possibly dizziness in some who are sensitive. Blood pressure tends to rise, though for sufferers of Adrenal Fatigue Syndrome (AFS), who are commonly in a state of low blood pressure, this is seldom noticed except by a small number of people.

As you can see, your overall autonomic nervous system and adrenals are very much capable of handling stress. When the stress has become chronic, however, it overworks your body’s NeuroEndoMetabolic (NEM) Stress Response to the point that your adrenals experience fatigue.

How the ANS and Adrenals are Compromised Under Continuous Stress

Adrenals and Autonomic Nervous SystemWhen stress is continuous, your body is not able to effectively modulate its parasympathetic nervous system. This means it does not have any chance to recover. In fact, the secretion of epinephrine is continuous, as your body is constantly preparing for a fight or flight.

At the same time, as mentioned earlier, norepinephrine will continue to travel to your heart and brain to keep you more alert. As a result, you may feel that your heart is beating harder or faster than normal. If left to persist, it can trigger serious cardiac problems.

Meanwhile, that surge of adrenaline in your body is a phenomenon that no opposing hormone is capable of neutralizing. As more of it is released, it leads to significant instability within your body, as is evidenced by what happens to your health soon after.

Chronic Stress and Adrenal Fatigue

When your body’s fight-or-flight response is activated too often, you can end up suffering from adrenal fatigue without warning. The continuous presence of stressors can cause your body to release significant amounts of various stress hormones, including cortisol.

Over time, your constantly elevated stress levels would cause your internal organs to become depleted of the raw materials they need to produce more neurotransmitters and hormones. Essentially, your body would experience a burnout, and this is what triggers AFS.

Once you have adrenal fatigue, your health will become compromised almost immediately. For starters, you will experience extreme fatigue, lightheadedness, and difficulty sleeping. A study conducted by several institutions in Spain and Cuba also found that high cortisol levels are linked to increased blood pressure, increased heart rate, and reduced immune function.

Furthermore, you can end up suffering from hair loss, muscle loss, and bone loss. You may also suffer from hormonal imbalance, skin ailments, insulin resistance, and even brain fog.

Aside from everything being experienced in your body, you may also find that you are not emotionally well. This is because adrenal fatigue can trigger feelings of depression and irritability. Hence, it may also affect your ability to focus and be effective at work.

How to Prevent Chronic Stress

As you can see, it’s important for you to better manage your stress so that your autonomic nervous system and adrenals don’t get overworked and compromised. There are several ways to deal with stress and keep it from getting worse. Before you try any remedy, however, it is always recommended to consult with your physician first, especially if you are trying a new supplement or therapy. In this way, you can be certain that the remedy you are trying is suited to your condition.

That said, here are helpful tips on how you can effectively manage chronic stress:

Check if Your Stress has a Biological Cause

Stress affecting a woman's Autonomic Nervous SystemIn some cases, there are some biological factors contributing to and exacerbating chronic stress. For instance, having vitamin B12 deficiency can readily trigger fatigue, anxiety, depression, weaker memory function, and a reduced attention span. If you happen to be B12 deficient while facing chronic stress, your adrenal fatigue can easily go from bad to worse.

Similarly, magnesium deficiency can also trigger several symptoms of stress, including fatigue, anxiety, and increased depression. Furthermore, a study conducted by the I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University and Ministry of Health of Russia found a link between stress and magnesium deficiency. Hence, it is believed that compensating for your depleted magnesium levels can enhance your ability to handle stress.

On the other hand, certain allergies and toxicity are also believed to cause stress. One study conducted by the Sapthagiri College of Engineering in Bangalore, India found that constant exposure to heavy metals can trigger oxidative stress. In fact, a study done by the Universidade Federal de Santa Maria in Brazil also found that mercury toxicity can induce oxidative stress among growing cucumber seedlings.

Meanwhile, many who suffer from gluten sensitivity also report feeling fatigue. Some also report experiencing brain fog and sleeping problems. As you can see, these are all symptoms that people suffering from adrenal fatigue also experience.

If you believe you are suffering from any of these conditions that cause stress or make it worse, it’s best to have yourself checked out right away. Make an appointment with your physician. It is likely that they will recommend some laboratory tests to check for any sensitivity or deficiency you may have. Once they have determined what type of food or toxicity is causing you to become more stressed, make a conscious commitment to avoid these as much as possible.

Given that deficiency in certain vitamins and minerals cause fatigue and stress, it makes sense that taking supplements can help you combat these conditions. Ideally, you should opt for a supplement that helps your body balance its stress response. This can be a multivitamin that already contains B-complex vitamins, vitamin C, zinc and magnesium. You may also want to consult with a physician regarding what other vitamins and supplements you should take to help improve your body’s stress response. Unfortunately, this only applies to those with very mild forms of AFS. The weaker the body, the greater the tendency for the body to become sensitive to these nutrients. Paradoxical reactions can occur and adrenal crashes may be triggered.

Try Adrenal Breathing

Adrenal breathing is a special technique form of intentional breathing that is designed to help the body heal without stimulating the sympathetic nervous system. It is something that you can consciously practice in order to keep stress from taking over the rest of your life. The best part about it is that it’s quite easy to learn and practice regularly.

With every breath you take, you will find that you are becoming calmer. Hence, you will also be able to have better control over your reactions to stress.

Commit to Improving Your Sleep Quality

A woman improving sleep quality to support her Autonomic Nervous SystemYou may not realize it, but the quality of sleep that you get greatly affects how you are able to cope with stress. According to the American Psychological Association, a survey conducted in 2009 found that 47 percent of Americans cannot get proper sleep due to stress. If you can improve the quality of your sleep and sleep for around seven to eight hours regularly, you will feel more revitalized and rested upon waking up. This puts you in a much better position to deal with stress.

Take note of these tips and you will become better at handling any stressful event that comes your way. Remember, stress doesn’t just make you feel bad emotionally. It compromises your overall health, too. This is why it’s most important to keep its presence to a minimum in your daily life. With reduced stress, you will immediately feel much healthier. In addition, you will also become happier and more energized.

How to Become Better With Baby Girl Clothes Sale

When you’re shopping for hip baby girl clothes sale, you should definitely start by looking at the different designs and styles. In the world of high fashion, there has been a current trend in baby girl clothes sale. If you haven’t been paying attention, then you might be a little surprised to hear this, especially if you’re about to go out and purchase threads for your own toddler or for a baby shower gift. The truth is there are so many different kinds of baby girl clothes sale out there today that you really have to know who you’re shopping for. If you are shopping for rock parents, then you can find rock baby girl clothes sale. If you are shopping for more conservative parents, you can find classy clothes for toddlers that are fit for a night on the town or a polite luncheon. In this article, you will learn about the current trend of hip baby girl clothes sale.

baby girls clothes sale

You’re going to see a lot of cool baby girl clothes sale on the internet, so when you decide which ones are right, you’re going to need to consider the tastes of the parents. You’ll want to think about their own personal fashions. Are they flashy or more classic? Do they have an edgy punk look, or more of any arty expressive look? No matter what the answer is, you’ll be able to find cool baby clothing that fits their style.

When you’re shopping for hip baby girl clothes sale online, you’ll want to consider practical matters such as price and comfort. Just because something looks really cool doesn’t mean it’s well made. The same rules that hold true for adult clothes hold true for baby girl clothes sale. Make sure you are being a smart consumer. If you’re unsure, you can certainly look for customer reviews and find out which companies are trustworthy and which ones you should stay away from.

Shopping for hip baby clothes is all about being a smart consumer. Remember that the best purchases reflect the personality and style of the person you are shopping for. If you are shopping for yourself, don’t settle for anything less than what you think is perfect. If you’re shopping for a baby gift, then try to imagine how the parents would want their toddler to dress and you will have found your answer. If you have questions, ask around and find out what others say about the parents. You might just get a great idea.

How to Find the Right Repair Commercial Refrigerator for Your Specific Product

Many businesses today require some type of cooling space. Larger businesses such as chain food restaurants and massive hotels normally have walk-in freezers but a majority of find this is not economically possible. Commercial refrigerators provide restaurants, bars, hotels, resorts, and some country clubs with a space for storage of enormous chance to prepare the things needed for an evening meal or other event. These units not only have to be larger in size but also very power efficient as they need a great deal of power. There are various product types available and careful consideration ought to be given when choosing the one which is right for your small business. Repairs of used models can be extremely expensive and time consuming so resisting this temptation might be in your interest since the price after repairs will probably be similar to a new unit.

The dimensions of commercial refrigerator service may differ from those who fit under a cabinet to very large units which are divided with a number of different compartments. Unlike a household refrigerator the unit have separate compressors, condensers, and evaporators for your refrigerator and the freezer. It will help in maintaining a lower temperature within the cabinet as well as the freezer. One should always keep in mind their exact storage needs when choosing one. Selecting one that is too big to your requirements will only result in wasted space that’s using power.

repair commercial refrigerator

Proper repair commercial refrigerator is vital to the life span from the unit. They may be designed well should perform for several years. To maintain your unit working wisely you need to execute a few periodic checks. Be sure there is sufficient air-flow for the compressor fan. If this type of becomes dirty or perhaps is even partially blocked it’ll make the fan to work harder and will gradually shorten the life span with the unit. Most models have self-sealing gaskets around the doors so the cold air cannot escape.

Given time, these gaskets begin to lose their seal and merely wear out. An excellent sign that your gaskets have to be replaced may be the presence on foods and shelving of frost. In the rear of the refrigerator, on the outside, are often some black tubes which can be formed together, these are the coils. These coils and the compressor ought to be dusted and cleaned regularly to market efficiency along with the lifetime of the system.